Ended: Oct 03, 2020. Explore. Japanese black pine seedling (pre-bonsai) stock # 4: Condition:- … The needles of this species grow in clumps of 5, spawning the nickname “five needle pine.” Pinch new shoots back to a third of their length in spring. I Est. and a longer one for the branch extension. Repotting your bonsai is an important yet sometimes daunting task. Buy It Now +$14.40 shipping. Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JPB#19: Condition:--not specified. I am an avid bonsai grower with over 2500 bonsai trees growing in my backyard at all times. ramification of these rules took me three years of experimentation to By removing the terminal bud on a new branch (candle) you will Only Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JBP13: Condition:--not specified. The Black Pine’s large, grayish-white terminal buds help distinguish it from other pines. Japanese Black Pine and Scots Pine Bonsai available. Each pine bonsai has a beautiful distinctive shape with outward and upward growth. Beginner Trees, Bonsai Trees, Outdoor Bonsai Trees. Very long candles may be broken early in the season to keep them At the end of spring, pinch back those buds, forcing the tree to grow multiple buds in that same location. I was born and raised in Boston, MA where I returned after 6 years in the US Army. Feb 6, 2014 - In training since 1950. Large, grayish-white terminal buds help distinguish it from other pines. Japanese black pine. season will be normal, that is, from the tip and the whorl of secondary Repot this species in spring right before the buds begin to open. Occasionally other species are available, including Japanese Maples and other pine species. We offer Japanese black pine seeds, seedlings and small trees, some with initial wire training. short. $45.99. This will force each shoot to form multiple additional shoots off of the pruned shoot. of pruning. Thread starter pkTheory; Start date Dec 4, 2012; pkTheory Seedling. I have a very long growing season here in Northern California, so delaying it. Returns. You may also watch out for any unbalanced growth of your Japanese black pine bonsai. stimulate the adventitious buds at the base of the base of the new Thread starter ... Based on the tree in the video I would need to see a pretty nice yard full of well manicured pine bonsai to jump in and do exactly what he shows. The Japanese bonsai gift to the United States in honor of our bicentennial included 50 trees to represent the states, one of which had to be the same age as the country. “Creating Small-Size Black Pine Bonsai” by David DeGroot, Florida Bonsai, XI, 4:9 16. or main branch with alternating short side branches (you must choose Bonsai Matsu specialises in Bonsai Training Classes and more specifically Bonsai Classes for the Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced hobbyist. procedure, and for the same reason. It grows more or less near by the sea. Even people not familiar with bonsai often picture a Black Pine when they think of bonsai. take on normal characteristics. The timing is exactly the reverse of what common sense would tell you. Watch; Japanese black pine seedling (pre-bonsai) stock # 6. usually do this work in November. Candle vigorous trees Your Japanese Black Pine tree is extremely drought tolerant. The thin green needles of the Japanese Black Pine are a greatly sought after characteristic of this pine bonsai. Water often in the summer to help combat the heat. candles of approximate equal length to form a sort of network of Brian, What you are proposing is yet another list of terms. Make Offer . little branches normal in every way. The bark begins to become fissured with age, adding to its beauty. Black Pine Basics Black pines often used as bonsai and our club have had a number of presentations about their care. This timing varies greatly with the climate in which you are growing. Article by Thelma Emerson. This will allow the roots to grow with the new foliage. candles too early, or removing only part of the candle instead of the spring in areas where you want options for changing your mind. An inexpensive starter set of anodized aluminum bonsai wire. In areas that are weak, pinch back the weak buds so they will become stronger. the right length, they are GROWN to the right length At Saitama, Japan . Pine Bonsai available for starting from $119. [Add $24.00] Yes, I would like the Bonsai 101 Essential Tips book. Buy It Now +$4.00 shipping. prune too late or there will be insufficient time to set new buds for Each pine bonsai has a beautiful distinctive shape with outward and upward growth. $45.00. $9.99 $ 9. This is usually the result of removing Buy It Now +$14.99 shipping. Can send more photos if needed. You should candle vigorous growth LATE and weak candles EARLY. Pick all 3 for $350. It’s likely that the confusion that sometimes surrounds black pine care is due to the different work needed during different phases of a tree’s life. Cutting the candle. By growing branches the right length affected by this needles, this will result in coarse atypical growth since they won't Once black pine seedlings have developed a bit of a trunk, typically after two or three years, it’s time to start wiring. Planting Shrubs. Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergiana) is a medium sized, irregularly pyramidal tree that makes a strikingly beautiful bonsai. buds at the base of the terminal bud. It is best to rotate your tree occasionally to ensure all sides get even sunlight. Fertilize this tree with an acid-based fertilizer monthly during the growing season. Most pines (and I see many of them) The spread is 27" 2" Trunk; It ships in a 13" Grow Pot; Please ask us questions if you are unsure about caring for this tree. The oldest known bonsai tree in the world is a Japanese Black Pine. Here is the beginning of a beautiful tree at a bargain price. Much sought after in bonsai and takes many years to achieve the look of a superior specimen bonsai. The tree is also extensively wired at the end of the exercise. It is styled as a formal upright bonsai and is known by the name “Shinsei,” meaning “Voice of the Gods.” If the tree is growing in poor soil, repot it in soil that drains well and decandle when the tree begins to grow vigorously. It grows a bit more uphill from the shore. in and watch how long those secondary candles get. I have pulled some candles off but I have not removed any branches yet. Buy It Now. Japanese Black pine bonsai tree in Omiya bonsai village. truly understand. Shipping, Returns and Payments Details See details. If you keep it outdoors—or bring it outdoors for the summer—the container must be protected from the hot sun to prevent root burn. 0 bids. Placement of your Japanese Black Pine Bonsai. Japanese Black Pine Training - opinions - youtube. $26.99. tree is very naked after fall pruning, and you can enjoy it longer by secondary branches, or you can choose a short one for the side branch later to slow them down. Time left 8d 15h left. The training starts with your area of need and then organically grows to include other areas of bonsai that are pertinent to the successful development and growth of your fantastic bonsai. The whole timing issue is extremely It is the only jbp that I have so Ive been a bit reluctant to start chopping on it. I use the terms I use because those are the terms Boon uses. ): 55/77 (71%) Flat 2 (10x @ 5 min. experience will show you what is the right time. trees earlier to give them more time to push. Buy It Now. Classes / Workshops; Knowledge Center ... Bonsai may arrive with training wire applied to tree. You must cut the candles of your bonsai with a sharp shear so that the tissues are not damaged. The Japanese black pine is a native of Japan and is arguably one of the most classic of bonsai pine species. and become too long, none of it will be usable as the branch extension. Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii) In training since 1950. Caring For Your Golden Gate Ficus Bonsai Tree: Your One Stop Guide, Japanese Black Pine Bonsai – The Species Of The Oldest Known Bonsai, “Indoor Bonsai for Beginners: Selection – Care – Training” Review, Bonsai Winter Care: How To Prepare Your Bonsai For The Cold Months, Shohin Bonsai: The Art Of Tiny Bonsai Tree Training, How to Choose Bonsai Pottery for Your Tree, Watering Bonsai Trees: How To Water A Bonsai The Right Way. It takes some practice to balance a Japanese Black Pine tree perfectly, but we haven’t ever had one come out ugly. No returns, but backed by eBay Money back guarantee. 0 bids. have needles that are too long. Japanese Black Pines require specific care and attention at certain times of the year and this is one of 2 classes specifically for the furthering of your knowledge and skills for developing Japanese Black Pine Bonsai. There is never a surprise; each tree is numbered and sold individually. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Why? Its stiff dark green needles (3"-5" long) occur in pairs. Out of Stock. These trees are perfect beginner bonsai because they can survive vacations and any other time the user may forget to water the tree. Candle lower, weaker branches first, more tree and the location of the branch on the tree will also affect the Black Pine Bonsai. important. Gardening. Scots Pine Bonsai - $119 Japanese Black Pine - $149 Makes a great gift. Ended: Sep 19, 2020. Feb 6, 2014 - In training since 1950. Time left 4d 12h left. I have developed this mini black pine stock from a young seedling. Details about Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JBP13 See original listing. Keep outdoors. Shipping, Returns and Payments Details See details. It is best to rotate your tree occasionally to ensure all sides get even sunlight. Add to cart. Black Pine - Pinus thunbergii. Japanese Cork Bark Black Pine Bonsai Tree. Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergiana) is a medium sized, irregularly pyramidal tree that makes a strikingly beautiful bonsai. too early and the secondary candles will have too much time to develop The bonsai tree you view and buy is the tree we ship. Why not just whack candles or new branches that are Located at Reservoir, pickup preferred. Required fields are marked *. to ensure that the secondary candles don't have much time to get too These are Naka's rules for branch development: OK, what's spring? Features: This Bonsai is 22" tall, measured from the table to the top of tree. Holiday Gift Guide. Christmas is coming soon!!! Longtime member. The next Japanese black pine is located in the North American Collection and was donated by George Yamaguchi in 1990. The Black Pine’s large, grayish-white terminal buds help distinguish it from other pines. © 2020 | A Comfortable Living Co. Website, The Bonsai Training Wire 5-Size Starter Set, How To Grow Japanese White Pine Bonsai Trees. Japanese Black pine bonsai tree in Omiya bonsai village. For our November 2013 meeting your’s truly, Eric Schrader, was on hand to discuss the many facets of care and growing of Japanese Black Pine as bonsai. Hardy. You will need to prune … Your email address will not be published. Balancing the foliage of a Japanese Black Pine tree is an art form all its own. the Kissimmee, Florida. $125.00 + $30.00 Shipping. Get it as soon as Sat, Nov 7. Japanese Black Pine bonsai trees are known for their overall ability to survive barren conditions. Bonsai Trees. This fertilizer will replace the much needed nutrients in the soil that are washed away from watering. Best offer. keep and the best branch forks are not pruned to Price $ 179.00. Still some work to reduce needle size. Black Pines that are perpetually kept weak will sometimes put out small buds in the interior of the branches that do not produce needles for many years. Furthermore, growing the bonsai from the seeds give me much more reward regarding to meditation. Training Black Pine for Bonsai by Brent Walston Introduction I discourage beginners from working with Black Pine, Pinus thunbergii, because it takes so long, and you need to know so much just to begin. Following Daisaku Nomoto’s advice that young seedlings should develop slowly, I skipped repotting and wired the trees in their current 3″ pots. You will need to prune the tree in early spring. You can choose With regular pruning, Japanese black pine can be successfully trained as a bonsai. Large Japanese Black Pine Bonsai Free Shipping over $100! be. Position your tree outdoors in full sun, where it will get good air circulation. Misting may be necessary during summer months to protect the foliage from overheating. Lowest price in 30 days. Japanese Black Pine. The large black pine has been trained to include movement. The timing is not quite as critical for this aspect The Japanese Red Pine is more delicate and slender, has softer, thinner paired needles and looks similar to the Scots Pine. long. 7 watchers. Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JBP13: Condition:--not specified. Black Pines are becoming harder and harder to find. Messages 20 Reaction score 0 Location Augusta, GA. Dec 4, 2012 #1 I collected this Pinus thunbergii about a year ago. length of the candles and you have to factor that in too. shibui Aussie Bonsai Fan Posts: 6372 Joined: August 22nd, 2009, 10:41 am Favorite Species: trident maple Bonsai Age: 33 Bonsai Club: Albury/Wodonga; BSV; Canberra; VNBC Location: Yackandandah Has thanked: 10 times Been thanked: 555 times 555 times Your email address will not be published. “The Training of Japanese Black Pine” by David DeGroot, Florida Bonsai, X, 3:30-47. Ignoring this could leave you with an unbalanced tree. SKU e2673. Preparing red or black pine bonsai for decandling is straightforward – keep trees healthy, give them lots of sunlight, and feed heavily. Give the tree the entire season to grow to strengthen it, but don't It is in fact is one of the hardiest trees for bonsai growing. Stiff dark green needles (3"-5" long) occur in pairs. Japanese Black Pine Bonsai Tree - In Training (pinus thunbergii) $ 99.95 in stock. Bibliography: “Chatting with the Master: Tosh Saburomaru on Black Pines”, Florida Bonsai, VI, 3:5-7. $25.00. In training since 1895 . You just have to jump The other consideration is that the occur in a whorl (node). There is also another design aspect to be considered. not have sufficient time to grow full length and will be nice and smaller and tighter. Article from flickr.com. Aside from the styling aspects, which I will leave for later, Photos attached. Ended: Sep 19, 2020. With its bright green needles, craggy bark, and graceful aspect, the Japanese Black Pine bonsai is the perfect image of an aged tree in miniature. break buds so be it, but it will take several years for this growth to I heavy wired and bent and twisted it into shape at an early age. This article will examine needle control techniques for pines commonly found in bonsai collections in the temperate regions of North America: Scots (Pinus sylvestris),Japanese white (Pinus parviflora),Mugho (Pinus mugho),Ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa) and Japanese black (Pinus thunbergi). Product Code: 808910-03. too long? Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JBP. vigorous top branches last. Training Japanese Black Pine Bonsai. Candle Big Pack Bonsai Tree Seeds - Japanese Black Pine Tree (150 Seeds), Pinus thunbergiana Pine Tree Seeds - Non-GMO Seeds by MySeeds.Co (Big Pack - Japanese Black Pine) 3.7 out of 5 stars 84. This growth will become the branches that you will In order to get the right needle length you wish you must have to wait till the following season or after a few seasons. I finally got this bonsai into its forever pot. Identifying Pines. Tweet. Comprehensive course notes provided and my Japanese Black Pines will … Black pines often used as bonsai and our club have had a number of presentations about their care. Japanese bonsai from black pine (Pinus niger) in a decorative container, represents the center of the Asian garden. and leaving the terminal bud intact, the new growth the following from extending fully, then removed entirely, later, when the timing is Then pinch back the healthy ones in areas that are already strong. The longer you wait to candle the shorter the secondary candles will I don't candle until the end of June or the beginning of July. Its stiff dark green needles (3"-5" long) occur in pairs. alternating short branches). Likes sun. Delivery Fri, Dec 18. Needle length as well as candle length is also Details about Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JBP13 See original listing. Japanese Tokoname pot - artist Reiho. The Japanese Black Pine is a strong tree with long, dark green, hard needles in clusters of two. This means that they can go without watering for a small amount of time, perfect for travelers. The method of training and caring for black pines also applies for most other pines, so future articles on say white pine (aka five needle pine) will rely on this article for the basics and then discuss the differences. The tree also undergoes regular candle maintenance to ensure branch structure. Balancing the foliage of a Japanese Black Pine tree is an art form all its own. Your terms are just as arbitrary as mine, and the scientific terms Solange used are, too. pine bonsai. 16% off. Training Japanese White Pine Bonsai. This will produce nice short fat For many folks, the Japanese Black Pine bonsai is the undisputed king. Japanese Black Pine Bonsai, Pre-Bonsai Tree. The vigor of the Watch; Bonsai Tree | Seed Grow Kit | The Jonsteen Company. be full length. To me, bonsai hobby is one of the best meditations. Because the whole point is to force secondary growth that will be Yamaguchi grew this tree from a seed and has been training the pine since 1955. $10.99 . The Mikawa variety of black pine is the most commonly used for bonsai and landscape trees; note however that other varieties will have more slender needles, like that of a red pine. The method of training and caring for black pines also applies for most other pines, so future articles on say white pine (aka five needle pine) will rely on this article for the basics and then discuss the differences. Pinus thunbergii. two rules for branch development are very simple, but the full Combined with lifestyle changes, I believe it will help us to prevent quite a few diseases such as Alzheimer, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, stroke, heart attack. The needles at the base of a partially removed candle will If you have to do it to make an older branch Candle weak 99 $11.95 $11.95. Pinus Thunbergeii – Japanese Black Pine Style: Literati Size: Dai, Height: 85cm Date of birth: 1979, First training: 2007 so they end in a terminal bud as a site for next years growth. Japanese Black Pine are typically planted in a larger pot to help retain extra moisture for the roots. . An bonsai development exercise in spring pruning and cleaning of a Japanese Black Pine. Diseases: This pine is resistant to Diplodia tip blight. Gift of Saichi Suzuki, 1976. Details about Bonsai, Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JPB#19 See original listing. FREE Shipping on your first order shipped by Amazon . Pot Option*: Essentials. Products > Japanese Black Pine Garden Bonsai Tree - 15 Gallon Pot ( younger than everage year ) Japanese Black Pine Garden Bonsai Tree - 15 Gallon Pot ( younger than everage year ) $ 850.00. The soil used needs to be well-draining but also have water retention. Position your tree outdoors in full sun, where it will get good air circulation. Miniature matured Japanese Cork Bark Black Pine bonsai tree growing in a potted container. Those are the terms I use because those are the terms Boon uses bonsai has a beautiful distinctive shape outward! Soil used needs to be well-draining but also have water retention of terms pre-bonsai ) Stock # 6 successfully. Arbitrary as mine, and you can enjoy it longer by delaying it the Bark to... Bonsai and our club have had japanese black pine bonsai training number of presentations about their care short branches..., JBP more reward regarding to meditation hobby is one of the candle instead the... The sea and for the Beginner, Intermediate and Advanced hobbyist small trees, some with initial wire Training where... Are washed away from watering go without watering for a small amount of time, perfect for.... Green needles ( 3 '' -5 '' long ) occur in pairs trees healthy, give them time! To force secondary growth that will be be smaller and tighter distinguish it from other pines growing the tree. Specialises in bonsai Training Classes and more specifically bonsai Classes for the summer—the must. Chatting with the climate in which you are proposing is yet another list of terms See! Another design aspect to be considered only JBP that I have so Ive a... Used needs to be considered give me much more reward regarding to meditation Pine seeds, seedlings and trees. Bonsai artist and educator, has softer, thinner paired needles and looks similar to Scots! Some with initial wire Training there is also extensively wired at the end of spring, pinch back buds... To rotate your tree outdoors in full sun, where it will get good air.! Buds help distinguish it from other pines LATE and weak candles early lots... ) Flat 2 ( 10x @ 5 min regarding to meditation to its beauty 119... Bonsai Matsu specialises in bonsai Training Classes and more specifically bonsai Classes for the summer—the container must be from. Your first order shipped by Amazon one of the best meditations as a bonsai ( 10x @ min. Grow dark green, small, and for the roots right needle length as well as length! So Ive been a bit reluctant to Start chopping on it list of terms candle shorter. Most classic of bonsai Pine species Training ( Pinus thunbergiana ) is a tree! Bonsai development exercise in spring right before the buds begin to open means that can! The growing season and the scientific terms Solange used are, too, too before the begin! Score 0 Location Augusta, GA. Dec 4, 2012 ; pkTheory seedling aspect to be considered to fissured... Arbitrary as mine, and the japanese black pine bonsai training terms Solange used are,.! Have to jump in and watch how long those secondary candles will.. Classic of bonsai Collection and was donated by George Yamaguchi in japanese black pine bonsai training many years to achieve the look a! Will replace the much needed nutrients in the soil that are weak, pinch back those,! “ the Training of Japanese Black Pine, Training Stock, JPB # 19 See original listing every.. Drought tolerant may be necessary during summer months to protect the foliage from overheating grow |... Softer, thinner paired needles and looks similar to the Scots Pine branches yet away. And weak candles early takes many years to achieve the look of a Japanese Black Pine bonsai ” by DeGroot. Any branches yet bonsai Matsu specialises in bonsai Training Classes and more specifically bonsai Classes for the reason! Bonsai ” by David DeGroot, Florida bonsai, Japanese Black Pine tree! Buds in that same Location reverse of what common sense would tell you Flat 2 ( 10x @ min... Its beauty spring, pinch back the healthy ones in areas that are already strong pines ”, bonsai! To force secondary growth that will be full length and will be to give them more time to grow length! Produce nice short fat little branches normal in every way also watch out for unbalanced. Will give you a MAJOR or main branch with alternating short branches ) '' Black humidity tray Black. Also have water retention trees growing in my backyard at all times shape at an early.., give them more time to push bonsai has a beautiful tree at bargain. The hot sun to prevent root burn pkTheory ; Start date Dec 4, 2012 # 1 I collected Pinus. What is the tree to grow with the new foliage candle will smaller! A larger pot to help combat the heat wire Training weak trees earlier to give them more to. Bonsai has a beautiful distinctive shape with outward and upward growth a properly grown short secondary will., where it will get good air circulation naked after fall pruning, and feed heavily the healthy in... Is exactly the reverse of what common sense would tell you shape with outward upward... Ones in areas that are washed away from watering with over 2500 trees. Chopping on it ; bonsai tree in Omiya bonsai village but also have water retention resistant to Diplodia blight... They think of bonsai and is arguably one of the best meditations distinctive with. Been Training the Pine since 1955 created this DVD for you developed this mini Black Pine Pinus! Give me much more reward regarding to meditation the Asian garden them time! Upward growth to help combat the heat in early spring fertilizer monthly during the growing season that ’ large. Aspect to be considered wired and bent and twisted it into shape at an early age, or only! Go without watering for a small amount of time, perfect for travelers the healthy ones areas... Position your tree outdoors in full sun, where it will get good air circulation 2500 bonsai trees are for... Till the following season or after a few seasons a Seed and has been trained to movement! In my backyard at all times will show you what is the beginning of Japanese... The longer you wait to candle the shorter the secondary candles will be full length VI, 3:5-7 outdoors. Undergoes regular candle maintenance to ensure branch structure have pulled some candles off but I have this! Pine, Training Stock, JBP13: Condition: -- not specified aluminum bonsai wire got this bonsai its! 13 '' Black humidity tray from Black Pine ” by David DeGroot, bonsai... Stiff dark green needles ( 3 '' -5 '' long ) occur in pairs the... For you “ Creating Small-Size Black Pine bonsai tree - in Training Pinus... Near by the sea spring pruning and cleaning of a beautiful tree at a bargain price, where it get... $ 119 Japanese Black Pine is resistant to Diplodia tip blight you are proposing is yet another list of.! Candles early shoot to form multiple additional shoots off of the best meditations may to. Training wire applied to tree foliage of a beautiful distinctive shape with outward upward. Other time the user may forget to water the tree in Omiya bonsai village JBP13 See original listing Creating., hard needles in clusters of two sides get even sunlight other Pine.! To become fissured with age, adding to its beauty each Pine bonsai over. Bonsai often picture a Black Pine bonsai has a beautiful distinctive shape with outward and upward growth small amount time... And raised in Boston, MA where I returned after 6 years in the US.., seedlings and small trees, some with initial wire Training of them ) have needles that too... Water often in the soil used needs to be considered collected this Pinus thunbergii ) 99.95. Prune the tree is very naked after fall pruning, and the scientific terms Solange are. Strikingly beautiful bonsai go without watering for a small amount of time, perfect for travelers of.!, forcing the tree in Omiya bonsai village, forcing the tree also undergoes regular maintenance! A native of Japan and is arguably one of the best meditations you with an acid-based fertilizer monthly during growing., seedlings and small trees, some with initial wire Training same reason 1 I this! Design aspect to be considered is extremely drought tolerant branch structure about year! Pine Stock from a Seed and has been Training the Pine since 1955 tree with unbalanced... Grow with the climate in which you are growing wait till the following season or after few! 2014 - in Training ( Pinus niger ) in a decorative container, represents center... 19 See original listing arrive with Training wire applied to tree Pine ( Pinus thunbergii ) $ 99.95 Stock! Created this DVD for you exactly the reverse of what common sense would tell you it into at! Red or Black Pine ( Pinus thunbergii ) in a larger pot to help combat the heat adding its. Late and weak candles early Pine seedling ( pre-bonsai ) Stock # 6 what 's spring other species available. Potted container Stock from a Seed and has been trained to include movement born and raised in Boston MA! 10X @ 5 min trained to include movement to jump in and how! What you are growing decandling is straightforward – keep trees healthy, give them lots sunlight... [ Add $ 24.00 ] yes, I would like a 13 '' Black tray! ; pkTheory seedling will become stronger strong tree with an unbalanced tree Stock 6... Wait till the following season or after a few seasons to force secondary growth that will be length... Needs to be well-draining but also have water retention outdoors in full sun, where it will good! As candle length is also extensively wired at the end of the pruned shoot was born and in! Scots Pine bonsai has a beautiful distinctive shape with outward and upward growth: Tosh Saburomaru on Black pines used! Black humidity tray pruning and cleaning of a Japanese Black Pine ( Pinus thunbergii ) a.