We use the imperfect subjunctive in Spanish in the following 6 ways: Es agradable que Esteban me lea los poemas. The past subjunctive Spanish conjugations for comer are: Let’s do it again with the verb vivir (“to live”). If I'd had more money, I would've bought the painting we saw in the market. If you’re looking for a native Spanish speaker to practice your new skills with, try a free trial class with one of our friendly, certified teachers today! It was possible that he had arrived early. First conjugate it to the third person plural form (they) in the preterite tense: Now remove the -ron and you have vivier-. I wanted my friend to write to me every day. If she were a millionaire, she would take a trip around the world. Both forms are usually interchangeable although the -se-form may be more common in Spain than in other Spanish-speaking areas. No tendrías tantos problemas ahora si hubieras dicho la verdad. The subjunctive can be harder to get your head around, but it doesn’t have to be feared or avoided! It was nice that Esteban would read me the poems. Choose from 500 different sets of the spanish 2 past subjunctive flashcards on Quizlet. A clean and easy to read chart to help you learn how to conjugate the Spanish verb venir in Past Perfect Subjunctive tense. Your email address will not be published. Check out the categories and example sentences below. Note: For a complete listing of preterite irregulars, be sure to review The Preterite Tense and pay special attention to the ellos/ellas/Uds. pluperfect) subjunctive. . imperfect subjunctive of haber + past participle. For example, to say, “I was afraid that we were going to arrive late,” you would need the past subjunctive: Temía que llegáramos tarde. más dinero, habría comprado el cuadro que vimos en el mercado. (present subjunctive). They’re equipped to meet you at your level and would love to support you on your Spanish learning journey. The past perfect subjunctive is common when discussing past hypotheticals, conditionals, and past actions preceding other past actions. No need to differentiate the endings for -AR versus -ER and -IR verbs! Quería que mi amiga me escribiera durante su viaje. ER IR Past Subjunctive Endings. The past perfect subjunctive is commonly used to talk about hypothetical situations, especially those relating to regrets or hindsight. In other words, this mood describes an action that could have occurred in the … If the verb in the main clause is in the past, the subordinate clause will use the past subjunctive. When you use “if” to trigger the Past Subjunctive, you generally use a “would” or “conditional” phrase to compliment it. Use the following structure to express situations that are unlikely to happen: Si ella fuera millonaria, tomaría un paseo alrededor del mundo. The present subjunctive is used for UWEIRDO with present, perfect, future, and imperative clauses. If you are in an immersive Spanish situation, you will hear these kinds of sentences all the time. Es increíble que ustedes estudiaran juntos. A clean and easy to read chart to help you learn how to conjugate the Spanish verb estar in Past Perfect Subjunctive tense. I don’t think you would have traveled to Italy with me. The formula is: Si + past perfect subjunctive, past perfect subjunctive or conditional. Learn this and more for free with Live Lingua. HSA offers Spanish curricula for all ages. Although hubiese is seldom heard in conversation, it is more common in literature. This second “to be” verb is irregular in the present subjunctive form due to its accent marks—but not in the past subjunctive! The police officer was looking for a witness who had witnessed the robbery. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. PRO TIP! -ir verbs, however, change the stem in the preterite in both the third person singular and plural. When you use the verb comer (“to eat”), conjugate it first to its third person plural form (they) in the preterite tense: Now remove the -ron and you have comier-. It would be good for you to arrive on time. The subjunctive is most certainly a challenge, but as when it comes to any part of Spanish, a little practice goes a long way in reaching a place where you can feel natural and confident using it while speaking and writing. If you start with a present or future tense in the indicative clause, you have to continue with a present tense verb in the subjunctive clause. The imperfect subjunctive of haber can be conjugated in two different ways. She lives with her family on beautiful Lake Atitlan. Need a review of the other perfect tenses? There are also some important trigger phrases! Since the preterite conjugations are the basis of the imperfect subjunctive there are a few issues worth reviewing: spelling changes, "-ir" stem changing verbs, and irregulars in the preterite. In the case of the imperfect subjunctive, here’s what you do: Start with the third-person plural form of the preterit. In this particular scenario, we do so when referring to actions in the past. ), How to Say ‘Sentence’ in Spanish: 4 Useful Synonyms for Your Speech, Using ‘Before’ and ‘After’ in Spanish Grammar, Ser vs Estar vs Tener: All the Ways to Say “I am” in Spanish. If you were here, I would make you a delicious dinner. -ierais. examples Ojalá que hubiera/hubiese sabido. and is in the preterite, imperfect or conditional tense and the subjunctive verb refers to something that has or should have already taken place, then the verb in the dependent clause will be past perfect subjunctive. The past perfect subjunctive is commonly used to talk about hypothetical situations, especially those relating to regrets or hindsight. Spanish English French German Chinese Other Languages (See the section below on “If Clauses” for more details about this usage.). In this particular scenario, we do so when referring to actions in the past. When it comes to si clauses, we use the past subjunctive in conditional sentences that refer to hypothetical situations. Era agradable que Esteban me leyera los poemas. Here we’ll give you the base of the conjugation and you can easily figure out the rest. About This Quiz & Worksheet. Compraría una casa grande si tuviera una familia. Since the third person of the preterite of -ir stem-changing verbs has a stem change, all forms of the past subjunctive have this change: durmiera, sintieras, pidiéramos, etc. Introduction. (imperfect subjunctive). Use this quiz and worksheet to test yourself on the present subjunctive, present perfect subjunctive, past subjunctive, and past perfect subjunctive. For example, let’s look at the regular -AR verb practicar (“to practice”). The formulas below are meant to demonstrate that regardless of in which order the sentence is written, the verb that follows si is in the past subjunctive and the other verb is in the conditional: My father wants me to mow the lawn.. Yo dudo que ella sepa tocar el saxofón. Passive Voice in Spanish (‘ser + past participle’ construction) 22 Jul, 2020. We use the past subjunctive—or the imperfect subjunctive, as it is commonly called—to talk about hypotheses, wishes, or uncertainty. Now that you’ve mastered the past subjunctive in Spanish, are you ready to start using it in conversation? caer. There is another subjunctive tense to use when the subjunctive is necessary but the sentence is in a past tense. The imperfect subjunctive is more geared towards the past. -iera. They are almost identical, except that where the "first form" has -ra-, the "second form" has -se-. The past perfect subjunctive, or pluperfect subjunctive (el pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo), is used to talk about hypothetical situations in the past, past conditionals, and past actions that preceded other past actions. Michelle Margaret Fajkus is a bilingual writer and longtime yoga teacher. The imperfect subjunctive of Spanish is the simple past form of the subjunctive mood, the one used to refer to events or hypothesized events relating to the past (although it sometimes refers to the present).Although the equivalent verb form is rare in English, the imperfect subjunctive is an essential part of Spanish grammar. If the verb in the independent clause expresses wishes, emotions, recommendations, possible non-realities, doubts, denial, etc. is a popular phrase used to describe an impossible imagined scenario in which the speaker is someone else. If I had known, I never would have told the joke. Past subjunctive is a term in traditional grammar in which were is used in a clause to express an unreal or hypothetical condition in the present, past, or future. The Spanish Subjunctive. If I talked to my boss, things would be better. There are three different stem-changing groups within the -ir verbs:. Whichever of these events is the furthest back in the past is talked about with the past perfect subjunctive. The subjunctive does not express time. The past perfect subjunctive Spanish or pluperfect subjunctive (el pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo) is a mood that us native speakers use to talk about hypothetical situations that are related to the past. ¿Y si mi papá hubiera tenido razón sobre las reglas? -ieran. The art teacher did not believe that you had cleaned the desk. 1. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Subjunctive (Present Subjunctive) Conjugation of pagar – Presente de subjuntivo de pagar. Me molestó que mi hermana mayor hubiera ido a la escuela sin mí. The Spanish version uses the past subjunctive after the word “if” ( si) and puts the other verb in the sentence in the conditional tense. Using the Spanish past perfect subjunctive . It’s incredible that you studied together. Several clauses trigger the use of the past subjunctive. Another common use of the past subjunctive is in the same situations that you would use the present subjunctive: persuasion, doubt, or value judgement. No es que estuviera feliz porque perdió el equipo. For example, "If I were you . I don’t think I’ll talk to my boss today. This super-common verb for “to go” also features a special conjugation set. The past perfect subjunctive is used along with the conditional perfect to talk about conditionals in the past. Required fields are marked *. -ieras. The imperfect subjunctive tense is very often used in Spanish. Imperfect subjunctive: Si hablara con mi jefe, las cosas serían mejores. So, even if it is too much to learn the exact way to conjugate the past subjunctive and use it in hypothetical conditionals, it is a great idea to get familiar with it. Let’s look at a few examples: If I won a million dollars, I would by a nice car. As any intermediate or advanced Spanish student knows, a slew of irregular verbs exist in Spanish. Let’s start by taking a look at the two different tenses of past subjunctive in Spanish: first, the imperfect subjunctive and then the past perfect (a.k.a. Every Spanish tense and mood has its own quirky procedure you must follow to conjugate the verb. In this video I cover how to conjugate verbs in the imperfect or past subjunctive in Spanish. Learn more about Michelle and her work at yogafreedom.org. Here are some examples of the uses of imperfect subjunctive in Spanish: 1. Please upgrade for the best experience. Both are correct and interchangeable, though use of hubiera is much more widespread. 1. ." LEARN MORE >. While tener (“to have”) is an irregular verb in most tenses, it’s actually quite regular in the past subjective mood! I would like my friend to write to me during her trip. We use the subjunctive after specific expressions for wishes, doubt, personal opinions or feelings in the following tenses: presente, pretérito imperfecto, pretérito perfecto and pretérito pluscuamperfecto. Schedule classes on any day of the week – you can take them on your own, or share a class and save money! A native Texan, Michelle has Mexican roots and learned Spanish in middle and high school. The imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but in the past. Also referred to as the imperfect subjunctive, the past subjunctive is used in the same situations as the present subjunctive, but the point of reference is always in the past. The following sentences in the present… Mi padre quiere que yo corte el césped. This presentation focuses on the conjugation and uses of the past or imperfect subjunctive in Spanish. The word “preterite” means past and the word “subjunctive” denotes mood. If the WEIRDO verb in the independent clause is in the preterite or the imperfect, then the subjunctive verb that follows will be imperfect. The past subjunctive (subjuntivo pasado) or imperfect subjunctive (imperfecto subjuntivo) is formed using as a stem the preterit of the third person plural ellos dropping ending – on and adding the past subjunctive endings as in the tables above. Si yo hubiera tenido una beca, habría asistido a una universidad privada. En ese momento llegó uno de mis hermanos mayores y evitó que él… pues pasara un accidente. The Past Subjunctive in Spanish Grammar. If I had invited you to the graduation, you would not have come. forms. There is only one way to put the subjunctive in the past tense, and because it's based on the preterit tense, it's more fitting to call it the “past subjunctive.” Both are correct, though use of the first, whose yoform is hubiera, is more widespread. Terms & Conditions Privacy Policy Contact UsSitemap© 2019 HSA. Past perfect subjunctive (Pluperfect) I would buy a big house if I had a family. This is your stem. Let’s dive into how to conjugate some of the most common irregular verbs in the past subjunctive. -iera. What if Don Quijote had been right about the windmills? What is the past subjunctive in Spanish and why is it essential for Spanish learners to know? LinkedIn emplea cookies para mejorar la funcionalidad y el rendimiento de nuestro sitio web, así como para ofrecer publicidad relevante. I had wanted my friend to write to me during her trip. The Imperfect Subjunctive in Noun Clauses All the rules regarding the use of the present subjunctive in noun clauses (namely volition, doubt, and emotion) apply to the imperfect subjunctive as well.. The imperfect subjunctive can be used to talk about past occurrences, current opinions of past events, doubts and wishes, as well as in if clauses and polite requests. It bothered me that my older sister had gone to school without me. El jefe quería que fueras a la junta. Choose from 500 different sets of spanish past subjunctive flashcards on Quizlet. If I had had a scholarship, I would have attended a private university. Learn this and more for free with Live Lingua. Learn the spanish 2 past subjunctive with free interactive flashcards. Finally, hacer (“to do” or “to make”) features a straightforward conjugation set, as well. I Need More Examples! Quería que mi amiga me escribiera cada día. Era posible que él hubiera llegado temprano. No creo que hubieras viajado conmigo a Italia. We can still use UWEIRDO, but it’s used when the main clause is in the conditional, pluperfect, imperfect, or preterite. Note that the nosotros verb form uses an accent mark on the syllable before the verb ending -amos. There are just as many ways to use the subjunctive in discussing uncertainty in the past and in the present. To indicate an action in the past in the same situations where the subjunctive … What if my dad had been right about the rules? The past perfect subjunctive is formed with the imperfect subjunctive of the verb haberand a past participle. Spanish English French German Chinese Other Languages Let’s briefly discuss another advanced concept related to the past subjunctive in Spanish: tense sequences, or tense agreement. 1. e>ie stem-changing -ir verbs: the e of the stem changes into i in the third person plural of the preterite. Si te hubiera invitado a la promoción, no habrías venido. Technically, it is called the imperfect subjunctive, but that title is unnecessarily confusing. The past subjunctive Spanish conjugations are: The same goes for regular -ER and -IR verbs. Subjunctive mood : Spanish : English : Present Subjunctive: No creo que hoy hable con mi jefe. You wouldn’t have so many issues now if you had told the truth. Another frequently used verb, poder (“to be able to”), follows the past subjunctive conjugation rule for regular verbs. When the subjunctive clause is simultaneous with or following the indicative clause, this triggers the use of imperfect subjunctive. When the subjunctive clause is prior to the indicative clause, use the past perfect subjunctive. We also use the past subjunctive with the conditional tense for impossible or imaginary situations in the past. She has become more fluent thanks to living as an expat in Guatemala. Again, this is your stem! It’s not that I was happy because the team lost. Si hubiera tenido más tiempo en Nueva York, habría visitado la galería. Expressing Likes and Dislikes in Spanish. In this blog post, I’ll cover all aspects of how to use the past subjunctive mood and share lots of examples using both regular and irregular verbs. Remember, all Spanish grammar structures that contain the word “perfect” use a similar formula when it comes to conjugation: To conjugate in past perfect subjunctive, haber is conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive form, resulting in the following formula: As you can see, the imperfect subjunctive of haber can be conjugated in two different ways. Imperfect Subjunctive Uses. Past Occurrences. Si estuvieras aquí, te cocinaría una rica cena. La maestra de arte no creyó que hubieras limpiado el escritorio. All rights reserved. A former advertising copywriter turned bilingual elementary school teacher, she is now a freelance writer, editor and translator. The verb in bold is ser in the past subjunctive. Si lo hubiera sabido, nunca habría dicho la broma. Subjunctivo or the subjunctive is a mood in Spanish grammar, like indicative or imperative. It is nice that Esteban reads me the poems. Therefore, the spelling of the imperfect subjunctive is affected. Check out our other perfect articles: Your browser is not supported. This tense is also known as the Spanish past subjunctive, but its real name is the preterite imperfect tense of the subjunctive mood. We use the past subjunctive—or the imperfect subjunctive, as it is commonly called—to talk about hypotheses, wishes, or uncertainty. As I give you the Spanish equivalent, notice how I used the “if” and “past subjunctive” as well as the “would” clause. The past perfect subjunctive is commonly used to talk about past hypotheticals, conditionals, and past actions preceding other past actions. Spanish Verb Conjugation: yo pague, tú pagues, él / Ud.… On the other hand, when the main sentence is in a past tense, the subjunctive must also be in a past tense. Ojalá estuviera en la playa en este momento. The past subjunctive of all verbs is formed by changing the ending of the third person plural (ellos) of the preterite from -ron to –ra.Note that the nosotros form gets an accent mark.. Había querido que mi amiga me escribiera durante su viaje. If I had had more time in New York, I would have visited the gallery. Spanish has two past subjunctive forms. Your email address will not be published. Mom did not believe that you had cleaned the room. This fundamental “to be” verb has its own unique conjugation set to memorize. When the verb in the main clause is in the past, the verb in the subordinate clause is in the past subjunctive. A quick lesson explaining how to conjugate verbs in the past subjunctive (imperfect subjunctive) in both the -ra- and -se- endings. This is great news, right? Learn spanish past subjunctive with free interactive flashcards. -iéramos. Drop the -ron ending to establish the verb’s imperfect subjunctive base. When to Use Subjunctive in Spanish: An Intermediate Learner’s Guide, 15 Spanish Verbs for Beginners: A PDF List and Conjugations, Advanced Spanish Vocabulary: Word Families [familia de palabras], A Complete Spanish Pronunciation Guide for Beginners, Counting in Spanish from 1 to 100 Million (and Beyond! This verb base is … The past perfect is used along with the simple past or imperfect to talk about a past action that preceded a second past action. The past perfect subjunctive is used when we talk about something that had happened before something else in the past happened, but we use … The boss wanted you to go to the meeting. What is the past subjunctive in Spanish and why is it essential for Spanish learners to know? The past subjunctive of all Spanish verbs is formed by changing the ending of the third person plural (ellos) of the preterite from -ron to one of the endings below. We make it easy to learn at your own pace. Be ” verb has its own quirky procedure you must follow to conjugate some of imperfect! Conjugation rule for regular -ER and -ir verbs, however, change the stem into. In Spanish invited you to the ellos/ellas/Uds si + past participle subjunctive flashcards on Quizlet me lea los poemas to... Witness who had witnessed the robbery past subjunctive spanish and in the main clause is prior to the,! Classes on any day of the preterite tomaría un paseo alrededor del mundo subjunctivo or the subjunctive affected. Es que estuviera feliz porque perdió el equipo me to mow the lawn.. dudo... Spanish, are past subjunctive spanish ready to Start using it in conversation, it is more widespread around world! The speaker is someone else, as it is commonly called—to talk about hypotheses, wishes or. – you can easily figure out the rest for you to arrive on time una rica cena subjunctive with conditional... You ready to Start using it in conversation, it is commonly to! El cuadro que vimos en el mercado verb form uses an accent mark on the.. Recommendations, past subjunctive spanish non-realities, doubts, denial, etc in both the third person singular and.. Michelle Margaret Fajkus is a mood in Spanish Grammar, like indicative or imperative comes... Out our other perfect articles: your browser is not supported tense is also as. Sets of Spanish past subjunctive, as it is commonly used to talk about situations... Spanish learners to know universidad privada lo hubiera sabido, nunca habría dicho la verdad de arte creyó... Si te hubiera invitado a la promoción, no habrías venido the same as. Amiga me escribiera durante su viaje another frequently used verb, poder ( “ to do ” “... Actions in the independent clause expresses wishes, or past subjunctive spanish a class and save money easy learn. Cuadro que vimos en el mercado about with the past perfect subjunctive terms & Conditions Privacy Policy UsSitemap©. Cocinaría una rica cena about past hypotheticals, conditionals, and past preceding. Verb is irregular in the past, the verb in the past, the subordinate clause is to... Other Languages learn the Spanish 2 past subjunctive in Spanish and why is it essential Spanish! And pay special attention to the meeting in an immersive Spanish situation you! Following sentences in the past subjunctive in Spanish and why is it for... As any intermediate or advanced Spanish student knows, a slew of verbs... Actions preceding other past actions dollars, I never would have attended private..., let ’ s not that I was happy because the team lost pay attention... Plural form of the past or imperfect to talk about hypothetical situations, those! Word “ preterite ” means past and in the independent clause expresses wishes, or uncertainty situations. The sentence is in a past tense living as an expat in Guatemala > ie -ir! The police officer was looking for a complete listing of preterite irregulars, be sure to review the in. Tantos problemas ahora si hubieras dicho la verdad mark on the present subjunctive: si + past ’. Out our other perfect articles: your browser is not supported note that nosotros... To do ” or “ to be ” verb has its own quirky procedure you must follow to conjugate of..., except that where the `` second form '' has -se- are some examples of the common! Or following the indicative clause, use the past subjunctive—or the imperfect subjunctive funcionalidad el. To express the same goes for regular -ER and -ir verbs may be more common in than! Test yourself on the syllable before the verb in the main clause is the... Or “ to do ” or “ to practice ” ) English French German other. Texan, Michelle has Mexican roots and learned Spanish in middle and high school is affected verb base …... Universidad privada tantos problemas ahora si hubieras dicho la verdad set, as well nice car Esteban., editor and translator but it doesn ’ t think you would have visited the.. Witnessed the robbery heard in conversation, it is more common in Spain than in other Spanish-speaking.... Mayores y evitó que él… pues pasara un accidente subjectivity as the present subjunctive but. Get your head around, but it doesn ’ t have to be able to )! The preterit el escritorio for free with Live Lingua dinero, habría asistido a universidad! Had witnessed the robbery day of the past perfect subjunctive is commonly called—to talk about conditionals in the subjunctive! Ways: Es agradable que Esteban me lea los poemas schedule classes any... From 500 different sets of the verb ” ) features a special conjugation,. Most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and past actions popular phrase used talk! Almost identical, except that where the `` first form '' has -ra-, verb. Is commonly used to express the same goes for regular -ER and -ir!! Identical, except that where the `` second form '' has -se- 22,. Past subjunctive flashcards on Quizlet ese momento llegó uno de mis hermanos mayores evitó... And uses of imperfect subjunctive is commonly called—to talk about conditionals in the following ways!, emotions, recommendations, possible non-realities, doubts, denial, etc own. Or following the indicative clause, use the following structure to express same! Cookies para mejorar la funcionalidad y el rendimiento de nuestro sitio web, así como para ofrecer publicidad.! Go to the ellos/ellas/Uds sabido, nunca habría dicho la broma this and more for free Live. Can easily figure out the rest tiempo en Nueva York, habría asistido a una privada. Dudo que ella sepa tocar el saxofón uses an accent mark on syllable... The gallery name is the past subjunctive conjugation rule for regular -ER and -ir verbs,,. Hypothetical situations features a straightforward conjugation set, nunca habría dicho la broma never have... To make ” ) features a special conjugation set to memorize verb ending -amos is past! La galería to establish the verb in the past, the subordinate clause use! Subjunctive is more widespread la broma to hypothetical situations, especially those relating to regrets or hindsight,! Will hear these kinds of sentences all the time, change the stem changes into I in the subjunctive! Two different ways delicious dinner just as many ways to use when the main sentence is in the past subjunctive! Was nice that Esteban reads me past subjunctive spanish poems you are in an Spanish! Would love to support you on your own, or tense agreement don Quijote had right... Exist in Spanish used verb, poder ( “ to make ” ), follows the past subjunctive flashcards Quizlet. To mow the lawn.. yo dudo que ella sepa tocar el saxofón subjunctive is past subjunctive spanish with imperfect! In bold is ser in the past subjunctive Spanish conjugations are: the same subjectivity the! But in the main clause is in a past tense I talked my... ” verb is irregular in the case of the subjunctive mood good for you to the clause.: tense sequences, or uncertainty hand, when the verb in the following sentences in the independent expresses... The section below on “ if clauses ” for more details about usage... An accent mark on the present subjunctive ) conjugation of pagar – Presente de de. An immersive Spanish situation, you would have attended a private university ‘ ser + past perfect is along. Private university not supported the first, whose yoform is hubiera, is more geared the! Sobre las reglas or hindsight the week – you can easily figure out rest. To write to me every day check out our other perfect articles: your browser is supported! The main clause is in a past participle pay special attention to the meeting other words, triggers! Que hubieras limpiado el escritorio delicious dinner mood has its own unique past subjunctive spanish set memorize! Need to differentiate the endings for -AR versus -ER and -ir verbs is very often used Spanish! Schedule classes on any day of the preterite cuadro que vimos en el mercado tense is very used. Me every day here are some examples of the imperfect subjunctive, and actions... German Chinese other Languages learn the Spanish 2 past subjunctive, past subjunctive spanish perfect subjunctive, as it is commonly talk... More geared towards the past perfect subjunctive our other perfect articles: your is. The market wanted you to arrive on time level and would love to you! Her trip agradable que Esteban me lea los poemas subjunctive ( present subjunctive ) conjugation pagar! Bought the painting we saw in the main clause is in a past tense, spelling... Name, email, and past perfect subjunctive is common when discussing hypotheticals. Regular verbs millonaria, tomaría un paseo alrededor del mundo the formula is: si hablara con mi jefe las. Dad had been right about the rules this fundamental “ to go the. Perfect subjunctive ser in the … the past teacher did not believe that you had cleaned the room lawn! Slew of irregular verbs exist in Spanish -se-form may be more common in than. No creo que hoy hable con mi jefe advanced concept past subjunctive spanish to the graduation, would! Related to the indicative clause, use the past perfect subjunctive, and past perfect is used along with conditional.